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3l6          MY    COUNTRY    AND    MY    PEOPLE

eye view of the whole at a glance, and if there were, there
would be nothing left for the imagination. The Chinese garden
is characterized by studied disorderliness, which alone can
give the feeling of the infinite and make one imagine the garden
to be larger than it is.

There is something amounting to religious fervour and
sacred devotion when a cultivated rich Chinese scholar begins
planning for his garden. The account of Ch'i Piauchia
(1602-1645) is interesting as showing this spirit.

In the beginning, I wanted to build only four or five rooms,
and some friends told me where I should build a pavilion
and where I should build a summer-house,  I did not think
seriously of these suggestions, but after a while these ideas
would not let me alone, and it seemed indeed I should have a
pavilion here and a summer-house there.  Before I had fin-
ished the first stage, new ideas forced themselves upon me,
and they chased after me in all out-of-the-way places, and
sometimes they came to me in my dreams, and a new vista
opened before my imagination.   Hence my interest grew
more and more intense every day and I would go to the
garden early in the morning and come back late at night,
and leave any domestic business to be attended to under
the lamplight.    Early in the morning, while resting on my
pillow, I saw the first rays of the morn and got up and asked
my servant to go with me on a boat, and although it was only
a mile off, I was impatient to get to the place.  This con-
tinued through winter and summer, rain or shine,  and
neither the biting cold nor the scorching sun could restrain
ne from it, for there was not a single day when I was not out
jn the spot.  Then I felt under my pillow, and knew my
money was gone, and felt annoyed over it.   But when I
arrived at the spot* I wanted always more and more stones
and material.   Hence for the last two years my purse is
always empty, and I have been ill and got well again, and
fallen ŁU again. . . , There are two halls, three pavilions,
four corridors, two towers and three embankments. ... In
general, whore there is too much space I put in a thing;
whore it is too crowded I take away a thing; where things